Test Score Decline [Book Chapter]
About this Book:
The definitive encyclopedic resource on literacy, literacy instruction, and literacy assessment in the United States.
Once upon a time, the three "R"s sufficed. Not any more—not for students, not for Americans. Gone the way of the little red school house is simple reading and writing instruction. Surveying an increasingly complex discipline, Literacy in America: An Encyclopedia offers a comprehensive overview of all the latest trends in literacy education—conceptual understanding of texts, familiarity with electronic content, and the ability to create meaning from visual imagery and media messages. Educators and academicians call these skills "multiple literacies," shorthand for the kind of literacy skills and abilities needed in an age of information overload, media hype, and Internet connectedness. With its 400 A–Z entries, researched by experts and written in accessible prose, Literacy in America is the only reference tool students, teachers, and parents will need to understand what it means to be—and become—literate in 21st-century America.
- 400 A–Z entries cover assessment, instruction, and general literary topics
- Includes literary resources and professional organizations
- Surveys literacy publications for professionals
- Includes three literacy reports
- Covers the most recent and expanding notions of literacy, such as visual and media literacy and post-typographical text
- Provides a comprehensive treatment of intellectual advances of the past decade that are related to literacy and its instruction
- Written in accessible language by experts in their specialties
Davis, Alan, "Test Score Decline [Book Chapter]" (2002). Educational Psychology Faculty Bookshelf. 7.