Requiring counseling in master's-level counseling programs: Students' perceptions of counseling and psychological characteristics

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The present study investigates master's level counselors-in-training (N = 513) and whether there are differences between students in counseling programs based in schools of education that require personal counseling sessions for students to work through personal issues (n = 329) and those programs that do not require counseling (n = 184), with respect to willingness to seek counseling, distress, attitude toward counseling, social support, and self-concealment. To date, no studies have investigated these factors for this population. Five one-way multivariate analyses of variance were conducted to determine if there were differences between counseling programs that require personal counseling sessions and those that do not. Students in counseling-required programs reported less distress and higher social support.