Social behavior patterns of nonhandicapped and developmentally disabled friend pairs in mainstream preschools
The purposes of this observation study were: a) to assess the presence or absence of stated friendships between normally developing and developmentally disabled children in mainstream preschools; and b) to compare the interaction patterns in friendship dyads comprised of nonhandicapped children with those comprised of one handicapped and one developmentally disabled child. Observational data were collected across a 15-day period for two sets of 30 dyads: one nonhandicapped only set and another including one developmentally disabled child. The major results showed that: a) nonhandicapped preschoolers tend to select nonhandicapped friends of their same sex and age; b) the same nonhandicapped preschoolers tend to select handicapped children who are older than themselves, who are more advanced cognitively than other handicapped children, and who are of the same sex; c) nonhandicapped preschoolers directed many more initiations of Reward-Related Activity, Complimentary Verbal Statements, Play Organizers, and Share behaviors toward nonhandicapped as opposed to handicapped friends; d) nonhandicapped preschoolers directed many more episodes of Physical Assistance, Affection, and Conflict Resolution toward handicapped as opposed to nonhandicapped friends; e) the initiations of nonhandicapped preschoolers were often reciprocated by nonhandicapped friends, but seldom by handicapped friends; f) nonhandicapped friends were far more likely to initiate positive social behaviors toward nonhandicapped preschoolers than were handicapped friends; and g) nonhandicapped preschoolers responded positively at an equal level to the initiations of handicapped and nonhandicapped friends.
Strain, Phillip S., "Social behavior patterns of nonhandicapped and developmentally disabled friend pairs in mainstream preschools" (1984). Special Education Faculty Publications. 93.
This document is currently not available here.