Effectively Communicating with English Language Learners Using Sheltered Instruction
Sheltered instruction is not a commercial program but is a set of instructional practices used specifically with English Language Learners (ELL). It embeds existing instructional strategies such as wait time, visual organizers, group work, and allowing students to actively respond for immediate feedback. Sheltered instruction "integrates lesson knowledge and concepts with opportunities to practice using English by reading, writing, listening and speaking" (Colburn and Echevaria 2001). This article describes the four elements of sheltered instruction (Group work, Wait time, Group-response technique, Supplemental materials).
Verma, G., Pepper, J., & Martin-Hansen, L. (2008). Effectively communicating with English language learners using sheltered instruction. Science Scope, 31 (13), 56-59.